Viticulture in Brazil is the result of a multitude of influences and imports.
The foreign influences were major in the 16th century with the Portuguese colonists, then it was the Spaniards in the 17th century and finally the Italian immigrants who arrived in the 19th century who perfected these cultures.
Brazilian vineyards extended over 80,000 ha in 2020.
The two major wine regions in Brazil are:
The state of Rio Grande do Sul, which concentrates more than 90% of wine production, or 65,000 hectares, in the “Sierra Gaúcha” and the “Vale dos Vinhedos“.
Sao Francisco River Valley, with a desert type microclimate representing 600 hectares. Recently an irrigation system has been optimized and benefits the vineyards whose quality is now similar to the best European vineyards.
For the red wines, the majority of grapes are Barbera, Bonarda, Cabernet, Merlot and Alicante Bouschet.
For white wines, it is mainly Trebbiano Poverella, Malvasia, Riesling, Sémillon and Chardonnay.
Since the 1970’s, the hilly and cool region of Serra Gaúcha has become a land of quality sparkling wines. It produces bubbles based on Chardonnay, Italian Riesling and Pinot Noir which have won multiple medals in international competitions.